The mission of the International Center for Equity in Health is to monitor equity in health and nutrition around the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
A team of researchers at Universidade Federal de Pelotas have accumulated valuable work experience in health equity that culminated in the creation of an international center for research and analysis.
Brazil has historically been a country with high levels of social inequality ranking among the nations with the worst income inequality according to the United Nations agencies. Recent advances have been made in reducing social and health inequalities with a reduction in the Gini coefficient and significant reductions in inequalities in the health of mothers and children evidenced by data from the National Demographic and Health Surveys (1986, 1996, and 2006). The Brazilian government has shown so far considerable political will at the federal level to further reduce social inequalities.
Yet, many low- and middle-income countries struggle to improve their people's health and to reduce huge inequalities in both health outcomes (e.g., mortality rates and malnutrition) and prevention.
The International Center for Equity in Health was developed by a team of researchers at Universidade Federal de Pelotas. These researchers team have wide experience in equity research and are actively involved in the university's graduate program in epidemiology known for its focus on the research area of life course epidemiology. Three birth cohorts have been followed up since 1982.
Main activities of the Center